Historical Al-Qaeda leader in Libya, Abdelhakim Belhadj, became military governor of Tripoli “liberated” and was responsible for organizing the army of the “new Libya.”
In the ’80’s, the CIA encouraged Awatha al-Zuwawi to create a pharmacy in Libya to recruit mercenaries and send them to the jihad in Afghanistan against the Soviets. In 1986 the Libyan recruits are trained at Camp Salman al-Farisi (Pakistan), under the authority of anti-Communist billionaire Osama bin Laden.
When bin Laden moved to Sudan, the Libyan jihadists followed him there. They are grouped in their own compound. Since 1994, Osama bin Laden dispatch Libyan jihadists in their country to kill Muammar Gaddafi and reverse the Socialist People’s Libyan.
On 18 October 1995, the group structure under the name Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG). During the three years that followed, the LIFG tried four times to assassinate Muammar Gaddafi and establish a guerrilla in the southern mountains. Following these operations, the Libyan army, under the command of General Abdel-Fattah Younis leads a campaign to eradicate the guerrillas, and the Libyan Justice issued an arrest warrant against Osama bin Laden, broadcast from 1998 by Interpol.
According to the British counterintelligence agent David Shayler, the development of the LIFG and the first assassination attempt on Gaddafi by Al-Qaida funded to the tune of 100,000 pounds by the British MI6. 
At the time, Libya is the only country in the world to find Osama bin Laden, which has yet to officially support policies in the United States although he opposed the “Desert Storm” operation.
Under pressure from Tripoli, Hassan el-Turabi expelled the Libyan jihadists from Sudan. They move their infrastructure to Afghanistan, where they set up camp Shaheed Shaykh Abu Yahya (just north of Kabul). This installation runs until the summer of 2001, when the Berlin negotiations between the United States and the Taliban about the pipeline transafghan fail. At that time, Mullah Omar, who is preparing for the Anglo-Saxon invasion, requires that the camp came under its direct control.
October 6, 2001 the LIFG is on the list established by the application of Resolution 1267 of the Security Council of the United Nations Committee. It is still there. On 8 December 2004, the LIFG is on the list of terrorist organizations by the State Department of the United States. It is still there. On 10 October 2005, the UK Department of the Interior banned the LIFG on its territory. This is still valid. On 7 February 2006, the UN Committee takes sanctions against five members of the LIFG and four companies related to them, which continue to operate with impunity in the territory of the United Kingdom under the protection of MI6.
During the “War against terror”, the jihadist movement is organized. The term “Al Qaeda”, which initially referred to a large database in which Osama bin Laden chose the mercenaries he needed for specific missions, gradually becomes a small group. Its size decreases and when its structure.
On 6 March 2004, the new head of LIFG, Abdelhakim Belhadj, who fought in Afghanistan alongside Osama bin Laden  and Iraq, was arrested in Malaysia and then transferred to a secret CIA prison in Thailand where it is subjected to truth serum and tortured. Following an agreement between the United States and Libya, it is returned to Libya where he was tortured, but by British agents this time in Abu Salim prison.
On 26 June 2005, Western intelligence services organized a meeting in London of Libyan dissidents. They are the “National Conference of the Libyan opposition” by uniting three Islamic factions: the Muslim Brotherhood, the Brotherhood of Senoussi and the LIFG. Their manifesto three objectives:
– Overthrow Muammar Gaddafi;
– Exercise power for one year (under the name “National Transitional Council”);
– Restore the constitutional monarchy in 1951 form and make Islam the state religion.
In July 2005, Abu al-Laith al-Liby managed against all odds to escape from the high security prison in Bagram (Afghanistan) and became one of the leaders of al-Qaida. He calls the LIFG jihadists who have not yet done so to join Al-Qaida in Iraq. Libyans become the majority among the Al-Qaeda suicide bombers in Iraq.  In February 2007, al-Liby led a spectacular attack against the Bagram base while Vice President Dick Cheney is about to visit. In November 2007, Ayman al-Zawahiri and Abu al-Laith al-Liby announced LIFG’s merger with Al Qaeda.
Abu al-Laith al-Liby became deputy Ayman al-Zawahiri, and as the number two of Al Qaeda since there is no news of Osama bin Laden. He was killed by a CIA drone in Waziristan in late January 2008.
During the period 2008-2010, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi is negotiating a truce between the Libyan and the LIFG. It published a long paper Corrective Studies, in which he admits to having made a mistake in calling for jihad against fellow Muslims in a Muslim country. In three waves, all members of Al Qaeda are pardoned and released on the condition that they renounce violence in writing. On 1800 jihadists, over one hundred refused this agreement and prefers to stay in jail.
Upon his release, Abdelhakim Belhadj left Libya and moved to Qatar.
In early 2011, Prince Bandar Bin Sultan began a series of trips to revive Al Qaeda expanding its recruitment so far almost exclusively Arabic, to Central Asia and South-Eastern Muslims. Recruiting offices are open to Malaysia . The best result is obtained in Mazar-i-Sharif, where more than 1,500 Afghans are committed to jihad in Libya, Syria and Yemen.  Within weeks, Al-Qaeda, which was only a small group dying can bring more than 10 000 men. This recruitment is easier because jihadists are the cheapest mercenaries market.
On 17 February 2011, the “National Conference of the Libyan opposition” organizes the “day of rage” in Benghazi, which marks the beginning of the war.
On 23 February, Imam Abdelkarim al-Hasadi proclaims the establishment of an Islamic emirate in Derna, the most fundamentalist city in Libya which are from the majority of jihadis become suicide bombers of al-Qaida in Iraq. Al-Hasadi is a member of LIFG long who was tortured by the U.S. in Guantanamo Bay.  The burqa is mandatory and corporal punishment are restored. Emir Al-Hasidi organize his own army, which began with a few dozen jihadists and soon brings over a thousand.
General Carter Ham, commander of AFRICOM, responsible for coordinating the Allied operation in Libya, expressed his doubts as to the presence among the rebels being asked to defend Al-Qaeda jihadists who killed GI’s in Afghanistan and Iraq. He was relieved of his mission, which is transmitted to NATO.
Everywhere in Cyrenaica “liberated” men of Al-Qaeda spreading terror, massacres and torture practitioners. They are a specialty of the kill Gaddafi and force them an eye, and cut the breasts of immodest women. The Libyan lawyer, Marcel Ceccaldi accused NATO of “complicity in war crimes.”
May 1, 2011, Barack Obama announced that Abbottabad (Pakistan), the commando 6 Navy Seals eliminated Osama bin Laden unaccounted credible news for almost 10 years. This listing allows the closure of the Al-Qaida back and relook jihadist allies to remake the United States as the good old days of the wars in Afghanistan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chechnya and Kosovo.  On 6 August, all members of the Navy Seals commando 6 die in the fall of their helicopter.
Abdelhakim Belhadj returned to his country in a Qatari military plane at the beginning of the NATO intervention. He took command of the men of Al-Qaeda in the mountains of Jebel Nefoussa. According to the son of General Abdel Fattah Younis, he is sponsoring the July 28, 2011 assassination of his old enemy who became the military leader of the National Transitional Council. After the fall of Tripoli, Abdelhakim Belhadj opened the gates of the Abu Salim prison and freed the last of Al-Qaeda jihadists who were detained. He was appointed military governor of Tripoli. It demands an apology from the CIA and MI6 for the treatment they subjected him in the past . The National Transitional Council entrusted him with the task of forming the army of the new Libya.
All the annotations send to french articles and links on websites:
 « David Shayler : “J’ai quitté les services secrets britanniques lorsque le MI6 a décidé de financer des associés d’Oussama Ben Laden“ », Réseau Voltaire, 18 novembre 2005.
 « Ennemis de l’OTAN en Irak et en Afghanistan, alliés en Libye », par Webster G. Tarpley, Réseau Voltaire, 21 mai 2011.
 « CIA recruits 1,500 from Mazar-e-Sharif to fight in Libya », par Azhar Masood, The Nation (Pakistan), 31 août 2011.
 « Réflexions sur l’annonce officielle de la mort d’Oussama Ben Laden », par Thierry Meyssan, Réseau Voltaire, 4 mai 2011.
 « Libyan commander demands apology over MI6 and CIA plot », par Martin Chulov, Nick Hopkins et Richard Norton-Taylor, The Guardian, 4 septembre 2011.
(Other sources: personnal researches on the web,personnal archives (revue,newspapers,etc)